Résumé : Hybrid solar cells are in sustained development among the photovoltaic (PV) technologies. Molybdenum diselenide (MoSe2) is a promising alternative semiconductor for hybrid PV due to its absorption in the near-infrared spectrum, its good carrier transport and its ability to form 2D structures. Scanning Spreading Resistance Microscopy (SSRM) is used for the electrical characterization of crystalline Nb-doped MoSe2. A n-type nature of doping is demonstrated, with local accumulation of dopants in the crystal when substituting Mo atoms by Nb in a 0.01 % stoichiometric ratio. On the basis of the SSRM measurements, a band structure for the probe-sample system is proposed. Blends are also prepared with the p-type semiconducting polymer poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and the photo-electrical properties of those Nb-doped MoSe2:P3HT systems are studied at the nanoscale by PhotoConductive-Atomic Force Microscopy (PC-AFM).