par Paiva, Manuel ;Verbanck, Sylvia;Estenne, Marc ;Poncelet, Brigitte P.G. ;Segebarth, Christoph ;Macklem, Peter
Référence Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985), 72, 4, page (1407-1412)
Publication Publié, 1992
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Using magnetic resonance imaging, we measured the three-dimensional form of the diaphragm in vivo in four supine relaxed subjects at functional residual capacity and calculated its total surface area, the right and left surface areas in the zone of apposition, and the principal radii of curvature as a function of height. The area of apposition comprised 45 ± 1.5% (SE) of the total surface area of the diaphragm. Available data on the area of the central tendon indicate that a considerable part of the muscular part of the diaphragm is lung apposed. The curvature was linearly related to height over 7 cm of the posterior half of each hemidiaphragm. From the linear portion of this graph and assuming a vertical gradient of transdiaphragmatic pressure of 0.75 cmH2O/cm, we applied the Laplace law and calculated tensions of 54 and 32 g/cm for right and left sides, respectively. We conclude that the shape of at least part of the posterior half of the relaxed human diaphragm in the supine position at functional residual capacity can be explained by the Laplace law, suggesting that both the lung and abdominal contents behave sufficiently as fluids so that they do not impose their shape on the diaphragm. Because diaphragm muscle is partly lung apposed, it is unlikely that the diaphragm functions simply as a piston.