par González-Mangado, Nicolás;Peces-Barba, Germán;Verbanck, Sylvia;Paiva, Manuel
Référence Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985), 71, 3, page (855-862)
Publication Publié, 1991
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Single-breath washouts were performed on 30 Wistar rats postmortem in studies in which breaths of 90% O2-5% He-5% SF6 were given. We investigated the effects of variations in preinspiratory lung volume, inspired volume, end-inspiratory breath-hold time, and inspiratory and expiratory flows on the alveolar plateau slopes for N2, He, and SF6. The main result is that the slope for He was always larger than the slope for SF6, except for large breath-hold times (~15 s), contrary to previous findings in other species. Slopes for the three gases decreased with increasing inspiratory and expiratory flows when flows were >1 ml/s. There was a strong correlation between the magnitude of a slope and its curvilinearity, suggesting that the concentration heterogeneity in the lung that causes the slope is due to interaction between diffusion and convection. The results seem incompatible with heterogeneities of parenchymal elasticity, which have been said to contribute to alveolar slopes in dog lungs but appear to be completely explainable as the result of diffusion-convection interaction in an asymmetric lung structure that has acini widely spread along the tracheobronchial tree.