par Reina, Andreagiovanni ;Dorigo, Marco ;Trianni, Vito
Référence Lecture notes in computer science, 8667, page (194-205)
Publication Publié, 2014
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : We introduce the concept of cognitive design pattern to provide a design methodology for distributed multi-agent systems. A cognitive design pattern is a reusable solution to tackle problems requiring cognitive abilities (e.g., decision-making, attention, categorisation). It provides theoretical models and design guidelines to define the individual control rules in order to obtain a desired behaviour for the multiagent system as a whole. In this paper, we propose a cognitive design pattern for collective decision-making inspired by the nest-site selection behaviour of honeybee swarms. We illustrate how to apply the pattern to a case study involving spatial factors: the collective selection of the shortest path between two target areas. We analyse the dynamics of the multi-agent system and we show a very good agreement with the predictions of the macroscopic model.