Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains resistant to almost all available anti-tuberculosis drugs are an increasing threat to public health worldwide. Among existing drugs with potential antimycobacterial effects, the combination of meropenem with clavulanate has been shown to have potent in vitro bactericidal activity against extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB). To explore its potential clinical efficacy, a meropenem-clavulanate-containing salvage regimen was started in six patients with severe pulmonary XDR-TB, in association with the only one or two remaining active second-line drugs. Encouraging preliminary data are detailed and discussed. © 2012 The Union.