Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Focal myxoid change is a well-recognized feature of solitary fibrous tumor (SFT), but to date, predominantly myxoid examples of SFT have not been reported. We describe seven cases of SFT in which stromal myxoid change affected 50% or more of the tumor examined, thus obscuring typical diagnostic features. Patients ranged in age from 35 to 68 years old (median, 45 yr), with an equal sex distribution. Tumor locations included pleura, orbit, and periparotid subcutaneous tissue, as well as four cases in deep soft tissue (two in the abdominal wall and one each in the chest wall and thigh). Myxoid areas were identified grossly in four cases. Histologically, the lesions were composed of bland spindle cells disposed haphazardly or with a lacy or reticulated appearance in a myxoid, richly vascularized stroma. These myxoid areas were punctuated by small cellular aggregates in four cases, and areas showing diagnostic features of SFT were present in five of seven primary excision specimens. Atypical features suggestive of malignancy were not present in any of the cases. Immunohistochemically, all of the seven cases stained positively for CD34 and CD99 (O13), and all were negative for smooth muscle actin, desmin, S-100 protein, epithelial membrane antigen, and pan- keratin. There were no recurrences or metastases reported in four patients with limited follow-up (median duration, 19 mo). Recognition of this uncommon morphologic subset of SFT is important because of possible confusion, particularly in small biopsy specimens, with a variety of myxoid spindle cell neoplasms with different biologic potential. These include low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma, myxoid synovial sarcoma, malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor, low-grade myxofibrosarcoma, myxoid liposarcoma, myxoid spindle cell lipoma, myxoid neurofibroma, and so-called 'hemangiopericytoma'.