Résumé : Aims: Chondroid lipomas are benign adipose tissue tumours. Their rarity and peculiar morphology can lead to misinterpretation, especially in small biopsies. Based on a recurrent translocation t(11;16)(q13;p13), the C11orf95-MKL2 fusion gene has been found in a few cases. Therefore, it seemed appropriate to look for this fusion gene in a larger cohort. Methods and results: We describe eight further cases from four females and four males with an age range of 21-81 years (median 49 years). The tumours were situated in the lower arm (three), lower leg (two), thigh (one), back (one) and head (one); seven lesions were deep-seated and one was located subcutaneously. Sizes ranged from 3 to 12 cm (median 6.3 cm). All patients were treated by simple excision, and follow-up, available for six patients (range 2 months-12 years; median 15 months), demonstrated recurrence in one case. Histologically, the circumscribed and lobulated tumours showed a variable composition of adipocytes, lipoblasts, hibernoma-like cells and chondroblast-like cells embedded in a chondroid matrix. Immunohistochemistry, performed in four cases, revealed positivity for S-100 and pancytokeratin in two of three neoplasms stained for each marker. A C11orf95-MKL2 fusion gene was shown by RT-PCR analysis in seven of the eight cases. Conclusions: Molecular analysis can be used to support the diagnosis of chondroid lipoma, especially in small samples. This may be helpful in planning treatment when the differential diagnosis includes malignant lesions. © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.