par Kumar, Niraj;Lindenberg, Katja;Van Den Broeck, Christian ;Esposito, Massimiliano
Référence Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics, 84, 5, 051134
Publication Publié, 2011-11
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : We study the nonequilibrium thermodynamics of a single particle with two available energy levels, in contact with a classical (Maxwell-Boltzmann) or quantum (Bose-Einstein) heat bath. The particle can undergo transitions between the levels via thermal activation or deactivation. The energy levels are alternately raised at a given rate regardless of occupation by the particle, maintaining a fixed energy gap equal to between them. We explicitly calculate the work, heat, and entropy production rates. The efficiency in both the classical and the quantum case goes to a limit between 100 and 50% that depends on the relative rates of particle transitions and level elevation. In the classical problem we explicitly find the large deviation functions for heat, work, and internal energy. © 2011 American Physical Society.