par Passera, Luc;Aron, Serge
Référence MS. Médecine sciences, 19, page (453-458)
Publication Publié, 2003
Article de presse ou de vulgarisation
Résumé : The haplodiploïd sex-determining system of Hymenoptera, whereby males usually develop from unfertilized eggs and females from fertilised eggs, results in relatedness coefficients that are not uniform among colony members. These asymmetries in relatedness are directly affected by the genetic architecture of the colony, which in turn depends on various factors such as queen number or queen mating frequency. Relatedness asymmetries induce different fitness returns per unit investment and, as a result, conflicts over brood composition may arise among colony members. Conflicts between the queen(s) and the workers over sex ratio represent one of the most frequent conflicts in eusocial Hymenoptera. Arrhenotoky allows queens great flexibility to control the sex of their progeny, by fertilizing or not the eggs; however because workers take care of the brood, they may influence the sex ratio by preferentially rearing one sex. Another salient conflict concerns the females over reproduction. In species where workers can mate and reproduce, physical aggressions or chemical communication may lead to dominance hierarchies for access to reproduction.