Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : The DNA sequence of the gag and pol regions of a provirus cloned from a bovine tumor is presented. In order to confirm these results the sequence of portions of a second clone, derived from a virus-producing cell line, was also determined. The gag gene was found to consist of 1179 nucleotides, which probably encode only three proteins: an N-terminal protein of 109 amino acids, a major core protein (p24) of 215 amino acids, and a nucleic acid binding protein (p12) of 69 residues. An open reading frame, whose translated product showed clear homology to the avian and murine proteases, was found beginning immediately upstream of the 3′ end of gag. Following this protease region, a third long open reading frame, encoding 852 amino acids, showed clear homology to both avian and murine pol genes. The mechanism of translation of the protease and pol gene products cannot be predicted with certainty. Like Moloney murine leukemia virus (M-MuLV), BLV has a termination signal at the 3′ end of gag, but unlike M-MuLV the protease is in a different reading frame. Like Rous sarcoma virus (RSV), BLV has a termination signal at the 3′ end of the protease region and the reverse transcriptase is in a different (i.e., the third) reading frame. Possible translation mechanisms are discussed. Finally, the BLV gag and pol gene products are highly related to those of the human T-cell leukemia virus (HTLV); relatedness varied from 37% amino acid identities within the N terminal gag protein to 54% within the nucleic acid binding protein. Highly significant homology with both murine and avian type-C proteins was found within p24, p12, and the putative protease, reverse transcriptase, and endonuclease. Based on this homology, the BLV-HTLV family of viruses appears about equally distantly related to murine and avian type-C viruses. © 1985.