par Faelen, Michel ;Toussaint, Ariane
Référence Journal of Molecular Biology, 104, 3, page (525-539)
Publication Publié, 1976-07
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : In a previous publication (Faelen et al., 1975), it was predicted that the temperate phage Mu-1 would mediate transposition of bacterial genes. Here we show that this is indeed the case. By mating either induced F′ strains (which carry a thermoinducible Mu prophage in the bacterial chromosome), or sensitive F′ infected with Mu, with appropriate recipients, we were able to isolate new F′ episomes which carry various lengths of bacterial DNA. The frequency of transposition of a given marker can be as high as 10-4. The episomes which carry the transposed DNA always carry Mu as well. When this is coupled with the fact that induction or infection with Mu is necessary for transposition to occur, it is probable that both Mu enzymes and Mu DNA are required by the transposition process. Episomes selected for the presence of a given marker were analyzed for the presence of unselected markers. It was found that: (1) only markers linked to the selected marker can be cotransposed with it; (2) when two markers are simultaneously transposed, all markers lying between them on the chromosome are also transposed; (3) the frequency at which an unselected marker is cotransposed is in some way related to the distance between that marker and the selected marker; (4) the transposition process occurs in both Rec+ and Rec- strains. Mu-mediated transposition offers a new way to isolate F′ episomes and to localize and order bacterial genes as far apart as three minutes. © 1976.