Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : A new European parliament emerged from the June 2009 elections. Its 736 elected representatives will represent some 375 million European citizens coming from 27 European member countries in the 2009-2014 Parliament. The vote mainly resulted in a victory of right wing or centre- right parties to the detriment of socialist or social-democrat parties. Liberal party representation remains stable overall though low in new member countries. Green parties continue their progression. Both the far right and the far left have variable results. The progress of euro-scepticism is real though not as significant as expected. Within the European Parliament, those results translate in a reinforcement of the first place of the PPE group, however amputated of its conservative fraction, which is creating its own group. The PPE group beat the socialist group, which Changed its name to Progressiste Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S & D). The ADLE, Greens-ALE and GUE/NGL groups retain their weight. Though there is no far right group, euro-sceptic parties are gathered in agroup named "Europe, of Freedom and Democracy". Those relative balances are reflected in the allotment (according to the Dhondt system) of commission and delegation chairmanships and vice-chairmanships. The European Parliament presidency is covered by a technical agreement entered into by the PPE and the S & D group, allowing the election of the former Polish prime minister Jerzy Buzek.