Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Objective: The aim of this study was to assess nutritional status in female basketball players at various levels of performance who differed in training load per week, what is most important, were trained by the same coach. Methods: Nutritional status was assessed in 39female basketball players aged 14 to 25. years trained by one and the same coach. The studied population comprised 14university students aged 19 to 25. years who attended basketball training obligatorily, 11students from a university basketball team aged 19 to 25. years and 14basketball players from a second division team aged 14 to 18. years. Anthropometric measurements, biochemical indices in serum and haematological indices were used to assess nutritional status. Results: The level of performance had statistically significant influence on body height, subscapular skinfold thickness, abdominal skinfold thickness, HDL-cholesterol, atherogenic ratios: total cholesterol/HDL-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol/HDL-cholesterol, and apolipoproteinsA and B, the percentages of the players who met the norm for HDL-C, mean corpuscular volume and the percentages of the players who met the norm for haematocrit. Conclusions: Our study showed that the players from the university basketball team were characterised by the most favourable indices of nutritional status. Unexpectedly, the most unfavourable lipid profile was observed in basketball players at the highest level of performance, who had the most training sessions a week and had the longest training experience. © 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS.