Résumé : Objective. Madagascar's national tuberculosis control program has been operational since 1991. The purpose of this article is to provide upto- date information about the results of this program.Method.Data fromreports sent to the Tuberculosis ControlDepartment between 1996 and 2004 by diagnosis and treatment centers were retrospectively studied. Special focus was placed on new cases of tuberculosis identified by positive smear. Results. During the study period the annual incidence of new cases of tuberculosis confirmed by positive smear increased from 65 to 82 per 100,000 inhabitants. The highest incidence of new cases was observed in the active population. The treatment success rate rose from 64.4% to 70.8% in patients with positive smear tests. The dropout rate decreased from 21% to 16.5%. However discrepancies were observed between the number of cases diagnosed and number of cases treated. Conclusions. These findings indicate that tuberculosis control improved slowly over the study period. However these data do not allow identification of strategies to improve program performance. This will require detailed review of data taking into account the context in which they were obtained.