Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Two comparative studies of the basic activity at rest, with closed eyes taken in conventional EEG and analysed in Neo-EEG are carried out in adults showing functional or psychiatric disorders. The first open study involves 18 subjects suffering from a affection called "neurodystony" and 24 depressed subjects. The second study made in double-blind compares the results of the conventional EEG with the Neo-EEG in 19 depressed patients, 28 alcoholic patients and 26 psychotic patients. The Neo-EEG discloses abnormalities in about 60% of the cases when the conventional EEG is normal. The conventional EEG as well as the Neo-EEG diagnose a greater number of low voltage in alcoholic subjects and clear abnormalities in psychotic subjects. Low voltage is never detected in psychotic patients. In depressives, the Neo-EEG shows about 65% of abnormalities of which an asymmetry of the basic frequency in the center of the two hemispheres when they are analysed separately. That asymmetry develops in parallel with the clinical state. The asymmetry is also found in psychotic patients. In nervous or neurodystonic subjects, the Neo-EEG only discloses 25% of abnormalities. The Neo-EEG appears as an easy method, able to detect dysfunctions which cannot be disclosed with the conventional EEG and useful to follow their developments. Moreover, the result of this technique brings to the fore abnormalities not detected with the conventional EEG: this eventually leads to prescribe other therapies than those initially considered.