par Fraser, Ceridwen ;Spencer, H.G.;Waters, J.M.
Référence Molecular Ecology Resources, 18, 10, page (2287-2296)
Publication Publié, 2009-05
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : The evolutionary effects of Southern Hemisphere Pleistocene oceanographic conditions — marked by fluctuations in sea levels and water temperatures, and redirected currents — are poorly understood. The southeastern tip of Australia presents an intriguing model system for studying the biological impacts of palaeoceanography. In particular, contrasting oceanographic conditions that existed on eastern vs. western sides of the Bassian Isthmus during Pleistocene glacial periods allow for natural comparisons between putative refugial vs. re-invading populations. Whereas many western Tasmanian marine taxa were likely eliminated by cold subantarctic water during the last glacial period, eastern Tasmanian populations would have persisted in relatively warm temperatures mediated by the ongoing influence of the East Australian Current (EAC). Here we test for the effects of contrasting palaeoceanographic conditions on endemic bull kelp, Durvillaea potatorum, using DNA sequence analysis (COI; rbcL) of more than 100 individuals from 14 localities in southeastern Australia. Phylogenetic reconstructions reveal a deep (maximum divergence 4.7%) genetic split within D. potatorum, corresponding to the ‘eastern’ and ‘western’ geographical regions delimited by the Bassian Isthmus, a vicariant barrier during low Pleistocene sea levels. Concordant with the western region's cold glacial conditions, samples from western Tasmania and western Victoria are genetically monomorphic, suggesting postglacial expansion from a mainland refugium. Eastern samples, in contrast, comprise distinct regional haplogroups, suggesting the species persisted in eastern Tasmania throughout recent glacial periods. The deep east–west divergence seems consistent with earlier reports of morphological differences between ‘western’ and ‘eastern’D. potatorum, and it seems likely that these forms represent reproductively isolated species.