Résumé : Currently, controversy exists whether restoration of neutral mechanical alignment should be attempted in all patients undergoing TKA. Our hypothesis was that restoration of constitutional rather than neutral mechanical alignment may in theory lead to a more physiological strain pattern in the collateral ligaments; therefore, it could potentially be beneficial to patients. Thus, the aim of this study was to measure collateral ligament strains during three motor tasks in the native knee and compare them with the strains noted after TKA in different post-operative alignment conditions.