Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Optical neuromyelitis or Devic's syndrome is a very uncommon neurological manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus. It is also associated with antiphospholipid antibodies, limited responsiveness to glucocorticoid treatment and a poor prognosis. We report the case of a female systemic lupus erythematosus patient who developed recurrent flares of optical neuritis and transverse myelitis. These flares consistently responded to glucocorticoid therapy. Despite the absence of overt anticardiolipin antibodies in the course of the disease, long-term anticoagulant therapy has been introduced with positive results. Treatments are usually of limited efficacy in Devic's syndrome. In our patient, however, aggressive glucocorticoid treatment resulted in prolonged survival.