par Prigogine, Ilya ;Petrosky, Tomio T.Y.
Référence Physica. A, 147, 1-2, page (33-47)
Publication Publié, 1987-11
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Quantum theory has a dual structure: while the Schrödinger equation corresponds to a deterministic and time-reversible description, measurement introduces irreversibility and stochastisity.' This contrasts with the Bohr-Sommerfeld-Einstein theory, in which transitions between quantum states are associated with spontaneous and induced transitions, defined in terms of stochastic processes. A new form of quantum theory is presented here, which contains an intrinsic form of irreversibility, independent of observation. This new form applies to situations corresponding to a continuous spectrum and to quantum states with finite life time. The usual non-commutative algebra associated to quantum theory is replaced by more general algebra, in which operators are also non-distributive. Our approach leads to a number of predictions, which hopefully may be verified or refuted in the next years. © 1987.