Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : The sampling protocol adopted during a field campaign at an Alpine meadow site (Shandan site), during July 2002 is based on the so-called "Valeri" protocol (VALERI). The field campaign LAI measurements in Shandan are scaled up to 30×30 m2 raster maps based on Landsat ETM+ imagery. Regression analysis is applied to construct empirical transfer functions for the determination of Leaf Area Index (LAI) raster imagery from ETM+ Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and Simple Ratio (SR) data. Subsequently, the scaling up of the LAI raster maps is performed by the aggregation of the 30×30 m2 data into 1×1 km2 pixels by calculating the average LAI values for the low resolution pixels. The up-scaled data are used to validate the MODIS LAI product at the Shandan site. A power regression model (LAI=2.3758*NDVI3.5216, R 2=0.66, P<0.01), established between field measured LAI and ETM+ NDVI, elicits a high statistical significance. A linear regression model (LAI=0.1798*SR-0.3574, R2=0.55, P<0.01) is established between field measured LAI and ETM+ SR. The MODIS LAI product correlates best with the ETM+ LAI transfer function obtained with NDVI data. Its R2 reaches 0.46, its slope 0.97, but the intercept is 0.7, which suggests that MODIS LAI is systematically underestimated. The results illustrate that LAI measured with a LAI-2000 instrument at the VALERI Shandan site leads to an underestimation of the MODIS LAI product. A plausible cause for the systematic underestimation related with the LAI field measurements is discussed.