par Harbola, Upendra;Esposito, Massimiliano ;Mukamel, Shaul
Référence Physical review. B, Condensed matter and materials physics, 74, 23, 235309
Publication Publié, 2006
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : A quantum master equation (QME) is derived for the many-body density matrix of an open current-carrying system weakly-coupled to two metal leads. The dynamics and the steady-state properties of the system for arbitrary bias are studied using projection operator techniques, which keep track of the number of electrons in the system. We show that coherences between system states with different number of electrons, n (Fock space coherences), do not contribute to the transport to second order in system-lead coupling. However, coherences between states with the same n may effect transport properties when the damping rate is of the order of or faster than the system Bohr frequencies. For large bias, when all the system many-body states lie between the chemical potentials of the two leads, we recover previous results. In the rotating wave approximation (when the damping is slow compared to the Bohr frequencies), the dynamics of populations and coherences in the system eigenbasis are decoupled. The QME then reduces to a birth and death master equation for populations. © 2006 The American Physical Society.