par Iverson, Neal;Souchez, Roland
Référence Geophysical research letters, 23, 10, page (1151-1154)
Publication Publié, 1996-05
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Among the processes that may entrain sediment in the bases of glaciers and ice sheets, basal ice may regelate downward into the pores of unlithified sediment. Laboratory studies suggest that this process leaves interstitial ice with a distribution of δ18O and δD that is distinct from that developed due to downward freezing of a semi-closed water reservoir. Although as a result of both processes these isotopes lie on a freezing slope in a δD-δ18O diagram, debris layers entrained by regelation past grains are both enriched in heavy isotopes with depth and display a downward decrease in deuterium excess, the converse of that due to downward freezing of a water reservoir. Moreover, the extent of enrichment can be significantly larger in the case of regelation into the bed. Reevaluated field data from West Greenland are consistent with regelation into the bed as an entrainment mechanism. Copyright 1996 by the American Geophysical Union.