Résumé : We investigated the induction of nerve growth factor-induced gene-B (NGFI-B) in dog thyrocytes in primary culture stimulated by different agents. The dog NGFI-B complementary DNA (cDNA) was cloned from a cDNA library of dog thyrocytes and used to study, by Northern blotting, the level of NGFI-B messenger RNA (mRNA) in those cells. We have shown that TSH and forskolin, which both induce proliferation and differentiation of the thyroid cells by activation of the protein kinase A pathway, lead to a strong and transient expression of two NGFI-B mRNA species, which differ in the length of the poly(A) tail. In contrast, 12-O-tetradecanoyl-13-phorbol-acetate (TPA) and epidermal growth factor, which induce proliferation and dedifferentiation of those cells by activation of the protein kinase C and the protein tyrosine kinase cascade, respectively, lead to a weaker expression of NGFI-B mRNA. In parallel, we studied the transactivation capacity of NGFI-B in the same cell system by transient transfection of a chloramphenicol acetyl transferase reporter construction containing a NGFI-B-dependent synthetic promoter. The highest transactivation was observed after forskolin stimulation, whereas transactivation after TPA stimulation was weak and no significant transactivation was observed after epidermal growth factor stimulation. Taken together, these results show that NGFI-B is an immediate early gene product that is mainly induced by the cAMP-dependent pathway in dog thyrocytes. Moreover they suggest that NGFI-B expression could be one of the early transcriptional changes induced specifically by this cascade and leading to differentiation and/or proliferation of these cells.