Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : The rate equations for a laser with a polarization rotated optical feedback are investigated both numerically and analytically. The frequency detuning between the polarization modes is now taken into account and we review all earlier studies in order to motivate the range of values of the fixed parameters. We find that two basic Hopf bifurcations leading to either stable sustained relaxation or square-wave oscillations appear in the detuning versus feedback rate diagram. We also identify two key parameters describing the differences between the total gains of the two polarization modes and discuss their effects on the periodic square-waves.