Résumé : Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is defined by a sustained increase in mean pulmonary arterial pressure > 25 mmHg. Due to its widespread availability, echocardiography (ECHO) is used as the first-line imaging modality to detect pulmonary PH and assess right ventricular (RV) function in daily routine. As such, ECHO is the key examination to detect the presence of PH, to provide valuable prognostic information and to give an orientation to therapeutic strategies. In addition to detection and screening, ECHO also provides clues for the differential diagnosis of PH. The present document, based on a consensus of experts, provides practical recommendations for the use of ECHO in the evaluation of PH and of its consequences on the right ventricle.