par Perbal, Laurence
Référence ISHPSSB Meeting 2011 (11 juillet 2011: Salt Lake City, Etats-Unis)
Publication Non publié, 2011-07-12
Communication à un colloque
Résumé : Today, genetics is characterized by a new epistemological era: the postgenomic era. She is built on the concepts of "pluralism" and "pragmatism" and the current evolution of the concept “gene” is an enlightening example. The concept is not uniform; each domain of researches uses its own definition of the gene according to its needs and requirements. But despite its ambiguity, it is still used due to its high pragmatic potential. While this heterogeneity has always existed, the difference today lies in the fact that it tends to be embraced and valued: plurality, difference, discontinuity are keywords. This talk proposes to investigate the hypothesis that the postgenomic era is partly the result of postmodern culture. If the era of the "gene" or the genomic era - which had its heyday in the 1990s – reflects the modern scientistic utopias; how far the postgenomic era - defending a much more modest scientism – may be seen as a product of postmodernity? This talk tends to answer this question.