Résumé : Adolescents and young people have specific concerns about issues related to sexual and reproductive health. The purpose of this study, conducted in an urban setting of the DRC, was to identify the needs and perceptions of adolescents and young people in the area of sexual and reproductive health with a view to informing policy. This paper presents the results of a qualitative study using focus groups conducted in three cities of the DRC (Kinshasa, Goma and Matadi). The study focused on adolescents and young people of both sexes and from different social classes from the following age groups: 10-14, 15-19 and 20-24. Among the female participants, the results highlight the need for information on the menstrual cycle and sexual experiences, while the male participants identified masturbation and sexual performance as their main concern. The study also found that emotional relationships and sexuality can help to solve sentimental and material problems not usually addressed within the family. The participants also emphasized the need for sex education, although they insisted on the importance of confidentiality. The results also suggest that adolescents and young people prefer to communicate with medical personnel, religious leaders, and teachers rather than their parents. The media were found to be the main source of information about sexual and reproductive health. However, there also appears to be a need for interpersonal communication. In addition, the results indicate that health services are considered a secondary option after self-medication and traditional treatments, which are seen as more accessible. In the DRC, programs targeting adolescents and young people have been developed to meet current needs and improve provision.