Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : The 2H(d,γ)4He capture reaction and the 2H(d,p)3H and 2H(d,n)3He transfer reactions at very low energies are studied in an extended microscopic cluster model, in which the 3H, 3He, and d clusters are given by the precise few-body wave functions with a realistic nucleon-nucleon force and the cluster relative motions are solved with the same realistic nucleon-nucleon force. Our results show that the tensor force in realistic interactions plays an essential and indispensable role to reproduce the very low energy astrophysical S factor of these reactions.