Résumé : One year survival of islet cell grafts has been reproducibly achieved under combination immune therapy including tacrolimus (TAC). However, the use of TAC causes beta-cell and renal toxicity. Because sirolimus (SIR) monotherapy was successful in kidney transplantation under antithymocyte globulin (ATG), we undertook a pilot study comparing SIR monotherapy with SIR-TAC combination therapy.