Résumé : Lipids and apoproteins as well as other coronary risk factors were measured in offspring of patients who suffered from a myocardial infarction before the age of 50 years; the results are compared with the results of a control group matched for age and sex. Significant differences were observed in the apoprotein A1 level, in the protein/fat ratios of high- and low-density lipoproteins, and in smoking habits. In a multivariate analysis, the offspring group was found to be different from the control group in nonhigh-density lipoprotein cholesterol/apoprotein B ratio, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol/apoprotein A1 ratio, smoking habits, apoprotein A1, and apoprotein A2. By means of these variables a total of 85% of all subjects could be correctly classified. We conclude that as early as age 21 years the offspring of patients with premature coronary heart disease differ from matched control subjects in lipoprotein measurements and in smoking habits. © 1986.