par Pavelescu, Adriana ;Naeije, Robert
Référence European Journal of Applied Physiology, 112, 4, page (1285-1294)
Publication Publié, 2012-04
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Sildenafil and epoprostenol are effective therapies in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Both drugs increase cardiac output, which has been in part attributed to improved right ventricular (RV) contractility. We therefore used tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) to test whether sildenafil and epoprostenol might differently affect RV function in normal subjects before and after induction of acute hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. Ten healthy volunteers underwent this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled cross-over study. Echocardiographic measurements were obtained 60 min after the intake of a placebo or 50 mg sildenafil or under 8 ng/kg/min iv epoprostenol, in normoxia or after 60 min of hypoxic breathing (FIO(2) of 0.12). Right ventricular systolic function was assessed by systolic strain (ε), strain rate (SR), isovolumic contraction acceleration (IVA) and tricuspid annulus plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), and diastolic function by tricuspid annulus E/A ratio and isovolumic relaxation time related to RR interval (IRT/RR). Pulmonary artery pressure was calculated from the acceleration time of pulmonary flow and cardiac output from the left ventricular outflow tract flow-velocity. Hypoxia increased pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) by 78%, did not affect indices of RV systolic function, decreased E/A and increased IRT/RR. Epoprostenol more than sildenafil increased cardiac output, apical ε and TAPSE, the latter in proportion to decreased PVR. In addition, apical SR was increased only by epoprostenol. None of the drugs affected IVA, basal SR, E/A and IRT/RR. These results are not suggestive of intrinsic positive inotropic effects of either sildenafil or epoprostenol at maximal doses tolerated by normal subjects.