Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Receptor tyrosine-protein kinase erbB-2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer is a specific entity with an aggressive behavior. Trastuzumab, a monoclonal antibody targeting erbB-2 (HER2) deeply transformed the outcome in patients. Nevertheless, resistance to trastuzumab is still a major concern. Lapatinib ditosylate is an orally available, small molecule targeting the tyrosine activity of the HER2 receptor. Lapatinib as a single agent and in combination therapy showed interesting activity in trastuzumab-resistant advanced tumors. In addition, lapatinib use seemed suitable in recurrent locally advanced inflammatory breast cancer and brain metastases. More recently, the Neo-ALTTO (NeoAdjuvant Lapatinib and/or Trastuzumab Treatment Optimisation) trial showed that lapatinib in combination with trastuzumab and paclitaxel significantly improved the pathological complete response in a neoadjuvant setting. Several clinical trials are still ongoing and data that may change current clinical practice are awaited with much interest.