Résumé : On the occasion of the thirty years since its inauguration, the Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology of the University Hospital Erasme reviews the milestones of its development. Various original new techniques have been implemented: monitoring of implants using strain gauges, external fixation of the limbs, external minifixation, miniinvasive anterior approach in hip arthroplasty, knee ligamentoplasties, orthopaedic microsurgery and composite tissue allotransplantation. The care of aged patients takes place in close collaboration with the Department of Geriatrics. Two new clinical units have been created, the Unit of Hand and Peripheral Nerve Surgery, and the Centre for Sports. The Department has organized an efficient Bone Bank. The new day care hospital improves the possibilities of ambulatory surgery. The article details as well the activities of teaching and research of the members of the Department.