Résumé : The use of bone and connective tissue allografts has grown rapidly and surpassed the use of autografts in many countries. Being of human origin, bone and tendon allografts carry the risk of disease transmission and complications have been reported. As part of the Project NOTIFY led by the World Health Organisation, an effort to improve recognition, reporting, tracking and investigation of adverse outcomes of allografts was initiated, achieving a comprehensive review of associated disease transmission and failures. Those involving the use of musculoskeletal allografts are reported here. A major objective is to involve orthopaedic surgeons in the improvement of the safe use of the musculoskeletal allografts.