Résumé : Irofulven is currently in Phase 2 clinical trials against a wide variety of solid tumors and has demonstrated activity in ovarian, prostate, gastrointestinal, and non-small cell lung cancer. The objectives of this study were to determine its pharmacokinetics and route of excretion and to characterize its metabolites in human plasma and urine samples after a 30-min i.v. infusion at a dose of 0.55 mg/kg in patients with advanced solid tumors. Three patients were administered i.v. 100 microCi of [14C]irofulven over a 30-min infusion on day 1 of cycle 1. Serial blood and plasma samples were drawn at 0 (before irofulven infusion) and up to 144 h after the start of infusion. Urine and fecal samples were collected for up to 144 h after the start of infusion. The mean urinary and fecal excretion of radioactivity up to 144 h were 71.2 and 2.9%, respectively, indicating renal excretion was the major route of elimination of [14C]irofulven. The C(max), AUC(0-infinity), and terminal half-life values for total radioactivity were 1130 ng-Eq/ml, 24,400 ng-Eq . h/ml, and 116.5 h, respectively, and the corresponding values for irofulven were 82.7 ng/ml, 65.5 ng . h/ml, and 0.3 h, respectively, suggesting that the total radioactivity in human plasma was a result of the metabolites. Twelve metabolites of irofulven were detected in human urine and plasma by electrospray ionization/tandem mass spectrometry. Among these metabolites, the cyclopropane ring-opened metabolite (M2) of irofulven was found, and seven others were proposed as glucuronide and glutathione conjugates.