par Szpalski, Marek ;Gunzburg, Robert ;Mayer, Michael
Référence European spine journal, 11 Suppl 2, page (S65-S84)
Publication Publié, 2002-10
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Degenerative disc disease is one of the most frequently encountered spinal disorders. The intervertebral disc is a complex anatomic and functional structure, which makes the development of an efficient and reliable artificial disc a complex challenge. Not only is the disc function arduous to reproduce, but there are important consequences associated with the conception and the choice of materials that will have to bear the loads. Biochemical problems have complicated things even more. Two different principles have been applied in the realisation of a discal replacement: a metallic and/or polyethylene prosthesis allowing mainly mobility or a prosthesis enabling the reproduction of viscoelastic properties. Of course some devices attempt to combine both principles. In this paper we will try to present, in chronological order, an overview of the designs published in the literature as well as in the patents granted in this field. The very fact that such a long list of implants, based on highly varied principles, has been proposed, and that only very few have reached the level of animal models, let alone human implantation, clearly demonstrates how challenging the task of designing an intervertebral disc replacement is. Proper randomized controlled trials are now on the way, and should help in assessing the efficacy and real place of spine arthroplasty in the treatment of spinal disorders. Only then will spinal surgery join the list of successful joint replacements.