Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Kytococcus schroeteri is a newly described micrococcal species and, to date, has been associated mostly with endocarditis. Six infections attributable to this opportunistic pathogen have been described since 2002, when the first case was identified. We describe here the first pediatric case of a K. schroeteri ventriculoperitoneal shunt infection. The child was successfully treated with a combination of rifampin and vancomycin and shunt replacement. Initially identified as a Micrococcus spp. by both automated identification and conventional biochemical testing, sequencing of the 16S ribosomal RNA gene enabled accurate identification of the organism.