Titre :
  • KINSHASA, RD Congo : From a "planned city" to a " City that plans"
Auteur : Lumfuankenda Bungiena, Trésor
Statut de publication : Non publié, 2017-01-31
Sujet CREF : Architecture et art urbain
Urbanisme et architecture (aspect sociologique)
Urbanisme et architecture [génie civil]
Informations sur la conférence :
  • VLIR-UOS New Year’s Event (30-01-2017: Palais des Beaux-Arts Rue Ravenstein 23 1000 Bruxelles)
Mots-clés : Architecture of care
The provision of health care
Note : Kinshasa is a fascinating city. Often referred to as a « mégalopole tentaculaire ».First and foremost an exploding city, Its population is esteemed to surpass that of Lagos and Johannesburg in the coming decades.Some of the main challenges that Kinshasa has : MOBILITY with the infernal traffic jams, Another one is the growing INEQUALITIES RICH-POOR and the Urban Sanitation which poses a major challenge in terms of growing a city like Kinshasa.How then are we to respond to these challenges? Some recent solutions are being proposed for Kinshasa and others African cities like the proposed master plans for the Cité du Fleuve at Kinshasa or the city of Kigali in Ruanda. That is perhaps not what we need to strive for as the best solution.Indeed, these private initiatives, often state supported, do not engage with the urban agenda for the 21 century put forward by the UN, namely how to make cities “more inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable” But how can we dream of such an agenda to be implemented in a megacity like Kinshasa? Let me focus here on one specific challenge : the provision of health care Recently, president Kabila inaugurated the Hôpital du Cinquentenaire, a radical rehabilitation of a former colonial complex in the city center, with up-to-date facilities. Today, the hospital is already ill-reputed, the city’s inhabitants preferring to go elsewhere.This shows that rehabilitating former hospital infrastructure requires a design approach that not focuses only on material or technological aspects, but also on the social onesLet me propose very briefly four questions that could help us rethink our approach The case of hospital Mama Yemo (1) How to Rethinking accessibility : designing the « hospitality » of hospital;(2) Rethinking comfort in accordance with local social practices : providing space for the patient and « entourage » of the patient ;(3) An architecture of care needs thinking about the open spaces as much as about their walls and roofs;(4) Taking into account informal practices both in and outside the hospital site.Hospitals in an urban setting require an urban approach, not only an architectural one.Seeing my role as an architect as part of larger, participatory process of “building social”, is my attempt to become part of a “city that plans” that goes beyond the “planned city”
Langue :
  • Anglais